Bakker, Peter, & Jan Paul Hinrichs. (2009). C.C. Uhlenbeck: A bibliography of his writings (1885-2009). Canadian Journal of Netherlandic Studies, 29-2.
Description: This is a complete bibliography of C.C. Uhlenbeck’s writings on all topics he studied. The bibliography contains 496 publications, but the authors say that more writings might be found in the future.
Read it here

Bastien, Betty. (2004). Blackfoot ways of knowing: The worldview of the Siksikaitsitapi. University of Calgary Press.
Description: This book is an autoethnography of the author. It is an account of her life as a Blackfoot woman and her rediscovery of her culture. This book has an explanation of the Blackfoot grammar and orthography and contains many Blackfoot words.
Read it here

Campbell, Lyle. (1997). American Indian languages: A historical linguistics of Native America. Oxford University Press.
Description: This book explores what is currently known about Native American languages and provides a general assessment of the state of Native American historical linguistics. It looks at languages from North America, Middle America, and South America.  Read parts of the book here Also available at the University of Lethbridge library.

Eggermont-Molenaar, Mary. (2009). The Uhlenbecks’ life in letters. Canadian Journal of Netherlandic Studies, 29-2.
Description: C.C. Uhlenbeck and his wife lived among the Blackfoot in the early 1900s and learned about the culture. Uhlenbeck was one of the first scholars to publish a full grammar of the Blackfoot language. The Uhlenbecks were avid writers and wrote many letters to friends throughout their lifetime. Eggermont-Molenaar analyzes these letters to describe the Uhlenbecks’ life and research.
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Genee, Inge. (2009). From the armchair to the field and back again: C.C. Uhlenbeck’s work on Blackfoot. Canadian Journal of Netherlandic Studies, 29-2.
Description: This publication examines how the linguist C.C. Uhlenbeck shifted from studying languages based on written sources to gathering language data in the field, specifically on the Blackfoot reservation in Montana. It also discusses how his work on Blackfoot relates to his wider professional development and his major research questions, as well as the publications that resulted from his time in Montana.
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Glenbow Museum. Blackfoot Gallery Committee, & Wigham Family Collection (University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Education. Curriculum Laboratory). (2013). The story of the Blackfoot people: Niitsitapiisinni. Firefly Books.
Description: In partnership with the Glenbow Museum, Blackfoot elders and spiritual leaders agreed to transcribe their stories and traditional ways of life so that they can be preserved for the future generations. There is a glossary of Blackfoot terms at the end of the book. Available at the University of Lethbridge library (Curriculum lab).

Grinnell, George B. (1892). Early Blackfoot History. American Anthropologist, 5(2), 153–164.
Description: This article is an early historical account of the Blackfoot people. There are some early Blackfoot words in the article, including words for their own and other nations.
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Heavy Head, Ryan. (2005). Feeding sublimity: Embodiment in Blackfoot experience. [Master’s thesis, University of Lethbridge]. OPUS Open Uleth Scholarship.
Description: This in an auto-ethnography about the author’s experience with Blackfoot culture and ceremony. This thesis has many Blackfoot terms in it, including many to do with ceremony.
Read it here

Heavy Shields Russell, Lena, & Inge Genee. (2014). Akaitsinikssiistsi: Blackfoot stories of Old. University of Regina Press.
Description: This book is a collection of eight traditional Blackfoot oral stories that are also translated into English. The book is intended for language learners and language users. The introduction contains a summary of Blackfoot grammar.

Hovens, Pieter. (2009). C.C. Uhlenbeck: Collecting and sharing Blackfoot culture and history. Canadian Journal of Netherlandic Studies, 29-2.
Description: The author analyzes C.C. Uhlenbeck’s research work among the Blackfeet in Montana. Hovens looks specifically at the twelve Blackfoot artifacts that were donated to the National Museum of Ethnology in 1935 by the Uhlenbecks. They received these items from the Blackfoot people during their stay among them.
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Johnston, Alex, & Lethbridge Historical Society. (1987). Plants and the Blackfoot. Lethbridge Historical Society, Historical Society of Alberta.
Description: This book contains plants that were used traditionally (and are still used today) by the Blackfoot people. Each plant description contains the scientific name of the plant, its subdivision, the pronunciation in Blackfoot and a description of the plant’s purpose and use. Available at the University of Lethbridge library.

Little Bear, Leroy, & Ryan Heavy Head. (2004). A conceptual anatomy of the Blackfoot word. Revision, 26(3), 31-38.
Description: The Blackfoot ideology differs greatly from that of English. The way that the world is seen through a language varies across cultures. The authors demonstrate that in order to understand the Blackfoot language and the meanings, you must have a better understanding of the world they are encompassed in.
Read it here: U of L access only

L’Heureux, Jean. (2011). Three-Persons and the Chokitapix: John L‘Heureux’s Blackfoot geography of 1871. (Allen Ronaghan, Ed. & Trans.). CAHS Press. (Original work published in 1871).
Description: This is a manuscript written in 1871 when the author lived among the Blackfoot as a Catholic priest. The manuscript was written in French and described the land, the Blackfoot culture, and people. It was translated to English in 2011 by Allen Ronaghan. This resource has a small thematic dictionary at the back of the book.

McClintock, W. (1992). The Old North Trail: Life, legends & religion of the Blackfeet Indians. University of Nebraska press. (Original work published in 1910).
Description: McClintock was sent into Blackfoot territory in 1896. He went with other forest surveyors and he photographed the expedition. After the other men had completed their missions and left Blackfoot territory, McClintock stayed behind with a Blackfoot guide. Together, they joined a camp of Blackfoot where McClintock met many of the leaders and was adopted by Chief Mad Wolf. He spent his time in Blackfoot country learning about their culture. This resource has an abundance of information about Blackfoot life. It contains many Blackfoot words and an appendix in the back of the book listing traditional plants of the Blackfoot. Available at the University of Lethbridge library.

Taylor, Allan R. (1989). Two decades of ethnobotany in the northwest plains. International Journal of American Linguistics, 55(3), 359–381.
Description: This work reviews six texts about traditional Blackfoot plant use. There are tables of plant information with the botanic name, English name, Blackfoot name, and meaning. Taylor uses this information to analyze how the Blackfoot language is structured in relation to the natural environment.
Read it here (Log in with your institution’s library to access, or register for an account.)
Read it here (U of L access)

Uhlenbeck, Christianus C. (1911). Original Blackfoot texts from the southern Peigans Blackfoot reservation, Teton county, Montana; with the help of Joseph Tatsey. J. Müller.
Description: This book features stories collected by anthropologist and linguist C.C. Uhlenbeck during his stay among the Blackfeet in Montana in 1911. Available at the University of Lethbridge library.

Uhlenbeck, Christianus C. (1912). A new series of Blackfoot texts from the southern Peigans Blackfoot reservation, Teton county, Montana; with the help of Joseph Tatsey. J. Müller.
Description: This book features more stories collected by anthropologist and linguist C.C. Uhlenbeck during his stay among the Blackfeet in Montana in 1911. Available at the University of Lethbridge library.
Read it here

Uhlenbeck, Christianus C. (1916). Some Blackfoot song texts. Internationales Archiv für Ethnographie, 23, 241-242.
Description: A short article about some Blackfoot songs.

Uhlenbeck-Melchior, Wilhelmina M., C.C. Uhlenbeck, & Mary Eggermont-Molenaar. (2005). Montana 1911: A professor and his wife among the Blackfeet : Wilhelmina Maria Uhlenbeck-Melchior’s diary and C.C. Uhlenbeck’s original Blackfoot texts and a new series of Blackfoot texts. University of Calgary Press.
Description: This book is centered around the diaries of W.M. Uhlenbeck. She accompanied her husband C.C. Uhlenbeck to Montana where he was carrying out his research work. She and her husband lived in Montana among the Blackfeet in 1911. The author analyzes the diaries which contain significant information about Blackfoot culture. Available as an e-book on the University of Lethbridge library website. A physical copy is also available at the U of L library.

Van Tighem, Leonard, & Victor Van Tighem. (2007). Missionaries among miners, migrants & Blackfoot: The van Tighem brothers’ diaries, Alberta, 1875-1917 (Mary Eggermont-Molenaar, & Paul Callens, Eds.). University of Calgary Press.
Description: The Van Tighem brothers were Belgian Catholic missionaries who resided in the Lethbridge area from 1874 to 1917. They served on many parishes throughout the area with one brother serving on both the Blood and Peigan reserves. They wrote many diaries about their life during that time. These diaries contain valuable information about the Blackfoot. The editors of this book transcribe and analyze the original diaries. Available as an e-book on the University of Lethbridge library website. A physical copy is also available at the U of L library.

Zaharia, Flora, & Leo Fox. (1995). Kitomahkitapiiminnooniksi: Stories from our elders (volumes 1-3). Donahue House Publishing Inc. (Project sponsored by: Kainaiwa Board of Education).
Description: Over 200 Kainaiwa elders contributed to this book series (4 volumes so far). These books intend to preserve the stories, life histories, experiences, and personal philosophies of these elders and the Kainaiwa culture. The elders also transfer their knowledge to the younger generations in hopes that they will keep the language, memories, and culture of their people alive. There are many Blackfoot words used throughout the books and a glossary at the back of each one. Available at the University of Lethbridge library.

Zaharia, Flora, Leo Fox, & Marvin Fox. (2003). Kitomahkitapiiminnooniksi: Stories from our elders (volume 4). Donahue House Publishing Inc.
Description: Over 200 Kainaiwa elders contributed to this book series (4 volumes so far). These books intend to preserve the stories, life histories, experiences, and personal philosophies of these elders and the Kainaiwa culture. The elders also transfer their knowledge to the younger generations in hopes that they will keep the language, memories, and culture of their people alive. There are many Blackfoot words used throughout the books and a glossary at the back of each one. Available at the University of Lethbridge library.

Zuyderhoudt, Lea. (2004). Accounts of the past as part of the present: The value of divergent interpretations of Blackfoot history. In Barbara Saunders & Lea Zuyderhoudt (Eds.), The Challenges of Native American Studies: Essays in Celebration of the Twenty-Fifth American Indian Workshop (pp. 161-83). Leuven University Press.
Description: Instead of identifying what is authentic and what is fabricated in history, the author uses divergent accounts from both the Blackfoot and non-Indigenous people to recreate one account of the past. This paper mostly focuses on the interaction that occurred between the Blackfoot and non-Indigenous people. This article has great historical information and contains some Blackfoot words.
Read it here (Book preview; some pages omitted)

(This page prepared by Janine Jackson, June 21, 2016)

(Updated by Mahaliah Peddle, June 15, 2017)

(Updated by Mahaliah Peddle, September 9, 2020)