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Armoskaite, Solveiga. (2011). The destiny of roots in Blackfoot and Lithuanian (Doctoral dissertation, University of British Columbia). Read it here

Baldwin, Stuart J., (1994). Blackfoot neologisms. International Journal of American Linguistics, 60(1), 69–72. Read it here
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Berman, Howard. (2006). Studies in Blackfoot prehistory. International Journal of American Linguistics, 72(2), 264–284. Read it here

Bliss, Heather. (2005). Topic, focus, and point of view in Blackfoot. In Proceedings of the… West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (Vol. 24, p. 61). Linguistics Department, Stanford University. Read it here

Bliss, Heather. (2009). Structuring information in Blackfoot: Against an A’-agreement analysis of cross-causal agreement. In Jones, Susie (ed). Proceedings of the 2008 Canadian Linguistics Association Annual Conference. 10 pages. Read it here

Bliss, Heather. (2010). Argument structure, applicatives, and animacy in Blackfoot. Proceedings of WSCLA, 13, 58-69. Read it here

Bliss, Heather. (2012). Marking the boundaries: Blackfoot preverbs in narratives and elicitation. In Proceedings of the 17th Workshop on the Structure and Constituency of the Languages of the Americas (WSCLA 17). Vancouver: UBC Working Papers in Linguistics. Read it here

Bliss, Heather. (2012). A split DP analysis of Blackfoot nominal expressions. In Cajax, Paula (ed). Proceedings of the 2012 Canadian Linguistics Association Annual Conference. 15 pages. Read it here

Bliss, Heather Anne (2013). The Blackfoot configurationality conspiracy: Parallels and differences in clausal and nominal structures (Doctoral dissertation, University of British Columbia). Read it here

Bliss, Heather. (2014). Assigning reference in clausal nominalizations. Cross-linguistic Investigations of Nominalization Patterns, 210, 85. Read it here

Bliss, Heather, & Elizabeth Ritter. (n.d.). A direct evidential in Siksiká Blackfoot. Read it here

Bliss, Heather, & Karen Jesney. (2005). Resolving hierarchy conflict: Local obviation in Blackfoot. Calgary Papers in Linguistics, 26, 92-116. Read it here

Bliss, Heather, & Elizabeth Ritter. (2007). Grammaticalizing information status in Siksiká Blackfoot: A tenseless analysis. In The 12th Workshop on the Structure and Constituency of Languages of the Americas, ed. Seok Koon Chin and Hudu Fusheini (Vol. 21, pp. 178-191). Read it here

Bliss, Heather, & Bryan Gick. (2009). Articulation without acoustics:” Soundless” vowels in Blackfoot. In Proceedings of the 2009 annual conference of the Canadian Linguistic Association. Read it here

Bliss, Heather, & Elizabeth Ritter. (2009). Speaker certainty, event realization, and epistemic modality in Siksiká Blackfoot. Manuscript University of British Columbia and University of CalgaryRead it here

Bliss, Heather, & Jennifer Glougie. (2009). Speaker variation and the phonetic realization of Blackfoot obviation morphology. Proceedings of WSCLA XIV. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Working Papers. Read it here

Bliss, Heather, & Bettina Gruber. (2011). Decomposing Blackfoot proclitics. Handout GLOW. Read it here

Bliss, Heather, Elizabeth Ritter, & Martina Wiltschko. (2012, October). Blackfoot nominalization patterns. In Papers of the 44th Algonquian ConferenceRead it here

Bliss, Heather, Rose-Marie Déchaine, & Tomio Hirose. (2013). A comparison of locative PPs in Blackfoot and Plains Cree. In 45th Algonquian Conference. University of Ottawa. Read it here

Bliss, Heather, Elizabeth Ritter, & Martina Wiltschko. (2014, March). A comparative analysis of theme marking in Blackfoot and Nishnaabemwin. In Papers of the forty-second Algonquian conference (pp. 10-33). Read it here

Bliss, Heather, & Bettina Gruber. (2015). Temporal restrictions on personal pronouns: The composition of Blackfoot proclitics. Lingua, 156, 175-199. Read it here

Bortolin, Leah, & Sean McLennan. (1995). A phonetic analysis of Blackfoot. MS, University of Calgary. Read it here

Chatsis, Annabelle, Mizuki Miyashita, & Deborah Cole. (2013). A documentary ethnography of a Blackfoot language course. The persistence of language: Constructing and confronting the past and present in the voices of Jane H. Hill, 8, 257. Read it here

Déchaine, Rose-Marie, & Martina Wiltschko. (2014, March). Micro-variation in agreement, clause-typing and finiteness: Comparative evidence from Blackfoot and Plains Cree. In Papers of the Forty-Second Algonquian Conference: Actes du Congrès des Algonquinistes (p. 69). SUNY Press. Retrieved from Read it here

Denzer-King, Ryan. (2009). The distribution of /s/ in Blackfoot: An optimality theory account. Saarbruken, Germany: VDM Verlag Dr. Muller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG Read it here (click “download”)

Denzer-King, Ryan. (2012, June). The status of Blackfoot /s/ analyzed in optimality theory. In Papers of the Fortieth Algonquian Conference: Actes du Congrès des Algonquinistes (p. 97). SUNY Press. Read it here

Denzer-King, Ryan. (2013, December). Blackfoot word order in Uhlenbeck’s New series of Blackfoot texts. In Papers of the Forty-First Algonquian Conference: Actes du Congrès des Algonquinistes (p. 60). SUNY Press. Read it here

Denzer-King, Ryan, & Leora Bar-el. (2008). Irrealis in Blackfoot? In Workshop on American indigenous languages (WAIL) (Vol. 11, pp. 3-14). Read it here

Derrick, Donald. (2006). Duration of Blackfoot /s/: A comparison of assibilant, affricate, singleton, geminate and syllabic /s/. Blackfoot. Paper presented at WSCLA, 11. Read it here

Derrick, Donald. (2007). Syllabification and Blackfoot /s/. Proceedings of NWLC, 22, 62-76. Read it here

Dunham, Joel. (2007). The ‘durative’ in Blackfoot: Understanding imperfectivity. In A.R. Deal (Ed.), SULA 4: Proceedings of the fourth conference on the semantics of underrepresented languages in the Americas, Amherst: GLSA, pp. 49-64. Read it here

Dunham, Joel. (2008). A unified analysis of the habitual and in-progress readings of á in Blackfoot. Ph.D. qualifying paper 1, Department of Linguistics, UBC. Read it here

Dunham, Joel. (2009). Noun incorporation in Blackfoot. Manuscript, University of British Columbia. Read it here

Dunham, Joel. (2013, December). The Blackfoot language database. In Papers of the Forty-First Algonquian Conference (pp. 75-80). Read it here

Elfner, Emily. (2005). The role of sonority in Blackfoot phonotactics. Calgary papers in linguistics, 26, 27-91. Read it here

Elfner, Emily. (2006). Contrastive syllabification in Blackfoot. In Proceedings of the 25th west coast conference on formal linguistics (pp. 141-149). Read it here

Elfner, Emily. (2006). The mora in Blackfoot. (Master’s thesis, University of Calgary). Read it here

Elfner, Emily. (2007, May). Moraic faithfulness: evidence from Blackfoot and English. In Handout of paper presented at the 15th Manchester Phonology Meeting, University of Manchester, 26th May. Read it here

Fox, Jacinta, & Donald G. Frantz. (1979). Blackfoot clitic pronouns. In 10th Algonquian Conference, ed. by William Cowan (pp. 152-166). Read it here

Frantz, Donald G. (1966). Person indexing in Blackfoot. International Journal of American Linguistics, 32(1), 50–58. Retrieved from Read it here
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Frantz, Donald G. (1970). Toward a generative grammar (with particular attention to selected stem formation processes (Doctoral dissertation). University of Alberta, Edmonton. Read it here

Frantz, Donald G. (1973). Three incompatible hypotheses: Evidence from Blackfoot. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue Canadienne De Linguistique, 18, 7-14. Read it here

Frantz, Donald G. (1974). Blackfoot and Weggelaar’s “The Algonquian verb”. International Journal of American Linguistics, 40(3), 253-256. Read it here

Frantz, Donald G. (1978). Abstractness of phonology and Blackfoot orthography design. World anthropology: Approaches to language, 307-325. Read it here

Frantz, Donald G. (1978). Antipassive in Blackfoot. In Papers of the Ninth Algonquian Conference (pp. 195-203). Read it here

Frantz, Donald G. (1978). Copying from complements in Blackfoot. Linguistic studies of native Canada, 89-109.

Frantz, Donald G. (1979, July). Multiple dependency in Blackfoot. In Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (Vol. 5, pp. 77-80). Read it here

Frantz, Donald G. (1980, October). Ascensions to subject in Blackfoot. In Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (Vol. 6, pp. 293-299). Read it here

Frantz, Donald G., & Eugene Creighton. (1982). The indefinite possessor prefix in Blackfoot. In Thirteenth Algonquian Conference, ed. W. Cowan (pp. 137-42). Read it here

Geers, Gerardus J. (1917). The adverbial and prepositional prefixes in Blackfoot. NV Boekdurkkerij v/h.

Genee, Inge. (2009). What’s in a morpheme? Obviation morphology in Blackfoot. Linguistics, 47(4), 913-944. Read it here

Genee, Inge. (2013). On the representation of roots, stems and finals in Blackfoot. Casebook in Functional Discourse Grammar. Ed. J. Lachlan Mackenzie and Hella Olbertz. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 95-123. Read it here

Genee, Inge, & Shelley Stigter. (2010). Not just “broken English”: Some grammatical characteristics of Blackfoot English. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 32, 62-82,154-155. Read it here

Gick, Bryan, Heather Bliss, Karin Michelson, & Bosko Radanov. (2012). Articulation without acoustics: “Soundless” vowels in Oneida and Blackfoot. Journal of Phonetics, 40(1), 46-53. Read it here

Glougie, Jennifer. (2000). Blackfoot ‘indefinites: bare nouns and non-assertion of existence. In Proceedings of the 19 West Coast Conference of the Formal Linguistics (pp. 125-138).

Glougie, Jennifer. (2000). Topics in the syntax and semantics of Blackfoot quantifiers and nominals. (Doctoral dissertation, University of British Columbia). Read it here

Goad, Heather, & Akiko Shimada. (2014, March). In some languages, /s/ is a vowel. In Proceedings of the Annual Meetings on Phonology (Vol. 1, No. 1). Read it here

Goatly, Andrew. (n.d.). Process and grammatical metaphor in Wordsworth’s The prelude and Niitsi’powahsin (Blackfoot) grammar. Proceedings of ISFC 35: Voices around the World, 167. Read it here

Goatly, Andrew. (2004). Cognitive grammar, congruence, billiard balls and Blackfoot. In The 31st International Systemic Functional Linguistics Congress. Aiming at globalization: SF theory and linguistic description.

Goddard, Ives. (2002). Grammatical gender in Algonquian. In 33rd Algonquian Conference (pp. 195-231).

Hanks Jr., Lucien M. (1954). A psychological exploration in the Blackfoot language. International Journal of American Linguistics, 20(3), 195–205. Read it here
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Hanson, Rebecca, Sara Johansson, & Kim Meadows. (2010). Accompaniment in Blackfoot and Yine. In SSILA 2010 Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD. Read it here

Hardy, Donald E. (1989). The semantic basis of the primary object/secondary object distinction in Blackfeet. Southwest Journal of Linguistics, 9, 29-44.

Johansson, Sara. (2007). Sentience and stem agreement in Blackfoot. In Papers of the 39th Algonquian Conference. London: University of Western OntarioRead it here

Johansson, Sara. (2008). The status of nominal gender in Algonquian: evidence from psych verbs. In Proceedings of the 2008 Annual Conference of the Canadian Linguistics Association. Read it here

Johansson, Sara. (2009). A syntactic analysis of Blackfoot–attsi causatives. University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics: Proceedings of WSCLA, 125. Read it here

Johansson, Sara. (2011). Towards a typology of Algonquian relative clauses. University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics: Proceedings of WSCLA, 16. Read it here

Johansson, Sara. (2012). Relative clauses, or clause-sized nominalizations? A consideration of Blackfoot. University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics: Proceedings of WSCLA, 1. Read it here

Johansson, Sara. (2013). A participle account of Blackfoot relative clauses. The Canadian Journal of Linguistics/La revue canadienne de linguistique, 58(2), 217-238. Read it here

Johansson, Sara, & Elizabeth Ritter. (2012, June). Determinants of split intransitivity in Blackfoot: Evidence from verbs of emission. In Papers of the Algonquian Conference, 40 (1), 171-185. State University of New York Press Read it here

Kaneko, Ikuyo. (1999). A metrical analysis of Blackfoot nominal accent in optimality theory (Doctoral dissertation, University of British Columbia). Read it here

Kaneko, Ikuyo. (2000). Velar spirantization and velar phonemes in Blackfoot. In Thirty-first Algonquian Conference, ed. John D. Nichols (pp. 200-210). Read it here

Kim, Kyumin. (2013). The instrument linker iiht-/oht-in Blackfoot as a functional p. University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics: Proceedings of WSCLA, 35. Read it here

Kim, Kyumin. (2013). Person all the way in Blackfoot: Evidence from psych-predicates. In Annual Conference of the Canadian Linguistic Association, University of Victoria. Read it here

Kim, Kyumin. (2013). The Properties and Classification of Psych-Predicates in Blackfoot. WPLC, 110. Read it here

Kim, Kyumin. (2015). Spatial PPs and the structure of motion verbs in Blackfoot. In Proceedings of the 18th and 19th Workshop on Structure and Constituency in the Languages of the Americas–Papers for WSCLA (Vol. 18, pp. 125-139). Read it here

Lee, JeongEun. (n.d.). Body part noun incorporation in Blackfoot: Allomorphy analysis. Read it here

Louie, Meagan. (n.d). A Case Study in Blackfoot Temporal Structure: The Aspectual marker omaa.

Louie, Meagan. (2007). Blackfoot’s non-affirmative endings: Polarity sensitive topics. Read it here

Louie, Meagan. (2008). Atemporal anchoring of individuals, events and sub-events in Blackfoot: Consequences for the syntax-semantics interface (Doctoral dissertation, University of Toronto). Read it here

Louie, Meagan. (2009). The Blackfoot ‘means’ linker iiht. Unpublished manuscript, The University of British Columbia. Read it here

Louie, Meagan. (2010, August). Deriving full repetition in Blackfoot with additive focus. In Semantics and Linguistic Theory (Vol. 20, pp. 1-18). Read it here

Louie, Meagan. (2011). Distributing by one in Blackfoot.

Louie, Meagan. (2011). Mapping opposite truth-values: A semantics for Blackfoot noohk-. In Proceedings for the Workshop and the Structure and Constituency of the Languages of the Americas (WSCLA), 16, 105-120. Read it here

Louie, Meagan. (2013). Constraints on Licensing If-Clauses in Blackfoot. Actes du congrès de l’acl, 2013. Read it here

Macaulay, Monica. (2005). On the 2> 1 prominence hierarchy of Algonquian. Proceedings of WIGL, 1-24. Read it here

Meadows, Kim, & Sara Johansson. (2013, December). Introducing companion arguments in Blackfoot. In Papers of the Forty-First Algonquian Conference: Actes du Congrès des Algonquinistes (p. 166). SUNY Press. Read it here

Miyashita, Mizuki. (2009). Blackfoot lullabies and language revitalization. Indigenous Language Revitalization, 183. Read it here

Miyashita, Mizuki. (2011). Five Blackfoot lullabies. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 155(3), 276–293. Read it here
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Miyashita, Mizuki, & Annabelle Chatsis. (n.d.). Respecting dialectal variations in a Blackfoot language class. Read it here

Miyashita, Mizuki, & Annabelle Chatsis. (2013). Collaborative development of Blackfoot language courses. Language documentation and conservation, 7, 302-330. Read it here

Peterson, Tyler. (2004). Theoretical issues in the representation of the glottal stop in Blackfoot. In The Seventh Workshop on American Indigenous (pp. 106-120). Read it here

Proulx, Paul. (1989). A sketch of Blackfoot historical phonology. International Journal of American Linguistics, 55(1), 43–82. Read it here
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Proulx, Paul. (2005). Initial change in Blackfoot. Calgary Papers in Linguistics, 26, 1-26. Read it here

Reis Silva, Maria Amelia, and Lisa Matthewson. (2007). An Instantaneous Present Tense in Blackfoot. In Proceedings of SULA 4: Semantics of Under-Represented Languages in the Americas, edited by Amy Rose Deal, 191-214. Amherst, Massachusetts: Graduate Linguistic Student Association (GLSA), Department of Linguistics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Read it here

Ritter, Elizabeth. (2015). Featuring animacy. Nordlyd, 41(1), 103-124. Read it here

Ritter, Elizabeth. (2015). Selection for [m] in Blackfoot: Consequences for event structure. Séminaire de Recherche en Linguistique: Département de Linguistique, Université de Genève. Read it here

Ritter, Elizabeth, & Martina Wiltschko. (2004, July). The lack of tense as a syntactic category: Evidence from Blackfoot and Halkomelem. In 39th International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages (Vol. 14). Read it here

Ritter, Elizabeth, & Sara T. Rosen. (2005). Agreement without A-positions: Another look at Algonquian. Linguistic Inquiry, 36(4), 648–660. Read it here

Ritter, Elizabeth, & Martina Wiltschko. (2005). Anchoring events to utterances without tense. In Proceedings of WCCFL, 24, 343-351. Read it here

Ritter, Elizabeth, & Martina Wiltschko. (2007). Alternatives to tense in Blackfoot and Halkomelem. In Proceedings of WSCLA12 Working Papers in Linguistics, 114-125.

Ritter, Elizabeth, & Martina Wiltschko. (2008, October). How person pervades Blackfoot grammar. And why. In 40th Algonquian Conference, Minneapolis, MinnesotaRead it here

Ritter, Elizabeth, & Martina Wiltschko. (2009). Varieties of infl: Tense, location, and person. Alternatives to cartography, 153-202. Read it here

Ritter, Elizabeth, & Sara T. Rosen. (2010). Animacy in Blackfoot: Implications for event structure and clause structure. Syntax, lexical semantics and event structure, ed. Malka Rappaport-Hovav, Edit Doron, and Ivy Sichel. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Read it here

Ritter, Elizabeth, & Martina Wiltschko. (2014). The composition of INFL: An exploration of tense, tenseless languages, and tenseless constructions. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory, 32(4), 1331-1386. Read it here

Ritter, Elizabeth, & Sara T. Rosen. (2014). Possessors as external arguments: Evidence from Blackfoot. In Papers of the Forty-Second Algonquian Conference: Actes du Congrès des Algonquinistes (p. 211). SUNY Press. Read it here

Russell, Lena Heavy Shields, & Inge Genee. (2006, October). The Blackfoot language: current position and future prospect. In Talk at the 38th Algonquian conference, University of British Columbia.

Russell, Lena, Inge Genee, Eva Lier, & Fernando Zúñiga. (2012). Referential hierarchies in three-participant constructions in Blackfoot: the effects of animacy, person, and specificity. Linguistic Discovery, 10(3), 55-79. Read it here

Schupbach, Shannon S. (2013). The Blackfoot demonstrative system: Function, form, and meaning (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Montana, Missoula). Read it here (click “download”)

Schupbach, Shannon S. (2013). Situational demonstratives in Blackfoot. Coyote Papers: Working Papers in Linguistics, Linguistic Theory at the University of Arizona. Read it here

Stacy, Elizabeth. (2004). Phonological aspects of Blackfoot prominence (Doctoral dissertation, University of Calgary). Read it here

Taylor, Allan R. (1967). Initial change in Blackfoot. Contributions to Anthropology: Linguistics I (Algonquian), 147-56. Read it here

Uhlenbeck, Christianus C. (1913). Flexion of substantives in Blackfoot: a preliminary sketch. Amsterdam: J. Müller.

Uhlenbeck, Christianus C. (1924). Some word-comparisons between Blackfoot and other Algonquian languages. International Journal of American Linguistics, 3(1), 103–108. Read it here
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Uhlenbeck, Christianus C. (2013). Outline for a comparative grammar of some Algonquian languages: Ojibway, Cree, Micmac, Natick (Massachusett) and Blackfoot. (Joshua Jacob Snider, Trans.). Petoskey, MI: Mundart Press. (Original work published 1910).
Additional Info: Take a look inside the book at Amazon (not full article) Read it here

Van Der Mark, Sheena. (2002). The acoustic correlates of Blackfoot prominence. Calgary Working Papers in Linguistics, 24, 169-216. Read it here

Weber, Natalie. (2016). Accent and prosody in Blackfoot verbs. In Papers of the 44th Algonquian Conference, (2012), 348-269. Edited by Monica Macualay, Margaret Noodin and J. Randolph Valentine. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Weber, Natalie. (2013). Accent and pro-DPS in Blackfoot. Retrieved from Weber, N. (2013). Read it here

Weber, Natalie, & Lisa Matthewson. (2013, October). The semantics of Blackfoot arguments. In 45th Algonquian Conference, University of Ottawa, 18-20. Read it here

Weber, Natalie, & Lisa Matthewson. (2014). Reflections of complement type: The view from Blackfoot. The Art and Craft of Semantics: A Festschrift for Irene Heim, 2, 275-298. Read it here

Wiltschko, Martina. (2009). How do languages classify their nouns? Cross-linguistic variation in the manifestation of the mass count distinction. The Proceedings of WSCLA, 13. Read it here

Wiltschko, Martina. (2009). What’s in a determiner and how did it get there? Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today (LA), 25. Read it here

Wiltschko, Martina. (2011). Nominal licensing via case or deictic anchoring. In Proceedings of the 2011 annual conference of the Canadian Linguistic Association. Read it here

Wiltschko, Martina. (2012). Decomposing the mass/count distinction: Evidence from languages that lack it. Count and mass across languages, 120-46. Read it here

Wiltschko, Martina. (2013). Patterns of nominalization in Blackfoot. Cross-linguistic investigations of nominalization patterns, 189-214. Read it here

Wiltschko, Martina, & Elizabeth Ritter. (2015). Animating the narrow syntax. Linguistic Review, 32(4), 869-908. Read it here

Wiltschko, Martina, Valerie Marshall, Andy Matheson, & Audra Vincent. (2015). Independent pronouns in Blackfoot. In Papers of the Forty-Third Algonquian Conference: Actes du Congrès des Algonquinistes, p. 266. SUNY Press. Read it here

Zúñiga, Fernando. (2012). What do we (not) know about Blackfoot inversion? Faits de langues, 39(1), 181-195.

(This page prepared by Janine Jackson, June 21, 2016)

(Updated by Mahaliah Peddle, June 14, 2017)